Ethiopia Eritrea

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Immigration and Ethiopians

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Earlier to the 1973 coup, there were very few Ethiopians living in the United States and Europe. Out-migration initiated immediately after the coup.

During this time the out-migration started in the form of small group of 3-15 people to travel across the desert by night and hide by day.

And this was so dangerous and many died on the way. Migration to the United States and Europe began in 1980, with the greatest number of Ethiopians coming to the U.S. from 1983-1993. 

Estimates of the number of Ethiopians in North America range as high as 250,000 (Hodes, 1997) and this number looks like increasing faster ever after.

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Ethiopia and Eritrea: Background on Country of Origin

328 Comments · People

Ethiopia is a republic in northeastern Africa on the Red Sea; formerly called Abyssinia and was never colonized, but in 1935 suffered terribly at the hands of Italy’s army as a prelude to WWII.

The country was ruled from 1930 until 1973 by the Emperor Haile Selassie. In 1973, the Emperor was removed from power by a group of army officers who established a oppressive Marxist military regime.

Along with the oppression came drought, famine, a secessionist movement in Eritrea, and other conflicts.

Ethiopia and Eritrea (achieved independence from Ethiopia in 1993) are now separate countries, but culturally are similar, and considered the same by some sources.

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