Ethiopia Eritrea

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Ethiopia/Eritrea: Communication

 It can be said a lot about the subject of language and communication but here in this blog we have pointed out the major and official languages spoken in Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Amharic is the dominant and official language of Ethiopia. It’s a Semitic language much influenced by the Cushitic language with which Amhara people have been in close contact.

Whereas Eritrea does not have any official languages but English, Italian, Tigrinya, and Arabic are languages which are commonly used in official communication.

Tigrinya and Arabic were the official languages from 1952 to 1956 and continue to be the foremost second languages, Tigrinya among the Christians and Arabic among the Muslims.

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Immigration and Ethiopians

Earlier to the 1973 coup, there were very few Ethiopians living in the United States and Europe. Out-migration initiated immediately after the coup.

During this time the out-migration started in the form of small group of 3-15 people to travel across the desert by night and hide by day.

And this was so dangerous and many died on the way. Migration to the United States and Europe began in 1980, with the greatest number of Ethiopians coming to the U.S. from 1983-1993. 

Estimates of the number of Ethiopians in North America range as high as 250,000 (Hodes, 1997) and this number looks like increasing faster ever after.

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Ethiopia and Eritrea: Background on Country of Origin

Ethiopia is a republic in northeastern Africa on the Red Sea; formerly called Abyssinia and was never colonized, but in 1935 suffered terribly at the hands of Italy’s army as a prelude to WWII.

The country was ruled from 1930 until 1973 by the Emperor Haile Selassie. In 1973, the Emperor was removed from power by a group of army officers who established a oppressive Marxist military regime.

Along with the oppression came drought, famine, a secessionist movement in Eritrea, and other conflicts.

Ethiopia and Eritrea (achieved independence from Ethiopia in 1993) are now separate countries, but culturally are similar, and considered the same by some sources.

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The color and meaning of Eritrean flag

Eritrean Flag

The present flag of Eritrea was adopted on December 5, 1995, and uses the fundamental layout of the flag of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front, with the wreath with upright olive branch symbol derived from the 1952 flag.

The flag is dominated by a red triangle extending from the hoist to the fly with complementary green and blue triangles above and below.

What do the colours symbolise?
• Green represents the fertility of the country respectively for agriculture;
• Blue represents the ocean and red for the blood lost in the fight for freedom.

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The color and meaning of Ethiopian flag


The colours of African unity – red, green, yellow – are seen on one of the oldest African flags.

These colours were used for the national flag of Ethiopia in 1897; a year after Ethiopia determinedly defended itself from colonial Italy at the Battle of Adwa.

The flag’s tri-colour scheme was there since the early 19th c. and was formerly the official banner of the Ethiopian Empire’s Solomonic dynasty.


The royal flag often featured the symbol of a Lion of Judah, a crowned lion carrying a cross centred in the banner’s yellow mid-section.

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Background of the Ethio-Eritrean conflict


Two years before the war actually broke out between Ethiopia and Eritrea, the two governments set up a secret committee to decide what was to be done about the disputed areas.

It was able to achieve very little apart from noting the contentious points. On paper, the Eritreans have a better case.

Declarations of 14 and 20 May 1998 they are only claiming the colonial border that is the line drawn at the beginning of this century between the kingdom of Italy and the Ethiopian empire.

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